Reading Through Romans 9-11
Thus far Paul has made it clear that God’s salvific promises have been fulfilled to the Gentiles. The church, although beginning as Jewish, in its majority is made up of Gentile believers. In this age, which is commonly called the church age, God is both working through and blessing the church. Read chapter eight to see the reality of this truth. The church has been given the gift of the Holy Spirit which had been promised to Israel. Believers are adopted as God’s children, believers are promised a glorious future. Many of the blessings and promises that were promised to Israel are being enjoyed now by the church as the nation of Israel must wait.
Paul interjects in chapters nine through eleven information pertaining to the question of whether the promises of God to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel) will be actually fulfilled or realized. This is a great question since it has bearing on the church. If God cannot or is unable to keep His promises to Israel, how can God then keep any of His promises made to the church? Paul uses this parenthetical portion to unequivocally demonstrate that God is not finished with Israel and that all promises which have been made to her will be fulfilled.
Today we read chapters twelve and thirteen. Happy reading!
In verses 1-29 Paul makes the case that all of God’s salvific and redemptive promises that have been made to Israel will be fulfilled. These promises are irrevocable since they are not based on Israel’s performance but based on the Word of God.
In verses 30-11:10 Paul explains that Israel rejected God’s redemptive promises. In this section we come face to face with some real theological issues. In this section we see the sovereignty of God as God sovereignly choosing Israel to be His chosen people. We also come face to face with the responsibility Israel had to believe the gospel and trust in the Messiah provided by God. Even though the majority of Israel refused to believe God’s promises will still be fulfilled completely.
In verses 11-24 Paul explains God’s plan for both the Jews and the Gentiles. Paul shows how God’s amazing grace if demonstrated in the salvation of both the Jews and the Gentiles. Read carefully as Paul explains how the Gentiles are grafted into Israel and become a part of God’s chosen people. Israel’s hardening of their heart is not the end. They too will be saved.